“Magnetic resonance imaging” is a technique that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the organs and tissues within your body. Most MRI machines are large, tube-shaped magnets. When you lie inside an MRI machine, the magnetic field temporarily realigns hydrogen atoms in your body.
Typically part of your annual gynecologic examination, a pap test swabs the vagina and cervix for cells for examination.
The uterus, vagina, bladder, and the rectum are examined by your physician for lumps and abnormal sizes.
“Positron Emission Tomography” is an imaging test that helps reveal how your tissues and organs are functioning. A PET scan uses a radioactive drug (tracer) to show this activity. This scan can sometimes detect disease before it shows up on other imaging tests.
Proctosigmoidoscopy is an examination of the lower colon using a sigmoidoscope, inserted into the rectum. A sigmoidoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing.
SENTINEL LYMPH NODE BIOPSY
Sentinel lymph node biopsy is performed to determine if cancer cells have spread to your lymph nodes. This minimally invasive procedure removes the main (sentinel) lymph node to test for cancer.
Surgery can be necessary if your doctor can’t be certain of your diagnosis until you undergo surgery to have tissue removed and tested for signs of cancer.